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USE OF ENGLISH QUIZ STUDY
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Read the passage below carefully and answer the questions that follow.
If, once in a lifetime, you see a blue moon, don’t think your eyes are playing tricks on you. It’s caused by dust in our upper atmosphere; ice crystals are what make you see rings round the moon.
Over the centuries, magical powers have been attributed to the moon. It has been said to bring on lunacy, affect the growth of plants, eyes of cats, spots of panthers, functions of women and activities of ghosts. France once had a law against cutting timber except during a waning moon. The moon, and toa lesser degree the sun, does cause the ocean tides because of their gravitational pull. But a common mistake of primitive people is to think that everything timed in the same rhythm as the moon is caused by it.
All the moon gazing, probing and measuring has never solved the big problem: its origin. One theory is that it began as a planet, got too near the more massive earth, was ‘captured’ and turned into a satellite. Another is that the latter theory is true, scientists say, there would be two clues: the moon would consist of lighter material than the earth, and the earth would be left with a scar. As a matter of fact, the moon does weigh less. And the Pacific Ocean does have a scarlike bottom of basaltic rocks instead of the granite rocks usually found near the earth’s surface.
But the assumption that, if man can get to the moon, he’ll find the answer is unfounded. Man has been on the earth hundreds of thousands of years without determining the earth’s origin. Scientists, of course, will never give up either quest.
Indeed, for thousands of years the moon has worked a spell of fascination over all the people on its near neighbour, the earth. The ancient worshipped this lamp in the sky and speculated about it endlessly. Modern astronomers continue to explore its mysteries almost every night of the year, and with reason.
Ages ago, before artificial light was known, it was important as illumination at night. As everyone knows, the moon has no light of its own; it shines with the cold reflection of the distant sun, but actually the moon is a poor satellite with ‘earth light’ sixty times as bright as the best moonlight. That’s why we sometimes see the whole moon faintly when the sun is lighting up only a narrow crescent.
1. The phrase near neighbour, as used in the passage, shows that
moonlight generally shares many characteristics with ‘earth light’
the earth is nearer to the moon than to the sun
the earth actually shares boundaries with the moon.
Moonlight shines brighter on the earth’s surface than perhaps elsewhere.
The sentence over the centuries, magical powers have been attributed to the moon suggests that
people perform magic with the moon
it is a common belief that the moon has magical powers
the moon actually possesses magical powers.
D. The moon reflects magical powers from the sun’s rays
The expression either quest refers to the origin of
the moon or the earth
neither the moon nor the earth
The passage below has gaps numbered 6 to 15. Immediately following each gap, four options are provided. Choose the most appropriate option for each gap.
6. Capitalism is an economic system which is founded on the principle of free enterprise and the private ownership of the means of production and distribution. The …6…
of capitalism claim that its essential characteristic is economic …7…
The producer is free to produce whatever goods he ..8…
but the …9…
is equally free to buy what he wants. There is a market mechanism under this system which brings the producer and consumer together and tends to equate the supplies of the one to the demands of the other, and …10…
the whims and caprice of both. It is this same …11…
mechanism which determines what prices the consumers pay to the producers, as well as what share the total …12…
, in cash or kind, goes to each of the four recognized … 13…
of production-land, labour, capital and organization. It is further claimed for this system that every person is capable of watching his or her own interest, and that whatever injustice is done by the …14…
buyers and sellers
of the market mechanism, this mechanism tends to bring about a state of …15… between the producers and the consumers.
Read passages III and IV carefully and answer the questions that follow.
We knew early in our life that the atmosphere in our home was different from that in many other homes, where husbands and wives quarrel and where there was drunkenness, laziness or indifference – things we never saw in our family. We chafed and grumbled at the strictness of my father’s regime. We went to hide whenever we broke the rules too visibly. We knew, nevertheless, that our parents wanted good things for us. Some of these, such as the insistence on our going to school and never missing a day, we accepted readily enough, although, like most other children, we occasionally yielded to the temptation to play truant. However, in other cases such as their effort to keep us out of contact with the difficult life – the drinking and fighting and beer-brewing and gambling – their failure was inevitable. They could not keep us insulated. By the time we moved about, we were already seeing things with their eyes and judging things by the standards we had absorbed from them.
It was borne in on me and my brother at a very early age that our father was an uncommon man. For one thing, in most African families, work around the home was women’s work. So we were vastly impressed by the fact that whenever my mother was away, my father could and did do all her jobs – cooking, cleaning and looking after us. We lived in this way in a community in which housework was regarded as being beneath male dignity. Even in families which, like ours, produced boy after boy – our sister came fifth – it simply meant that the mother carried a greater and greater burden of work. In our family, nevertheless, the boys did girl’s work and my father did it with us.
One of the prime chores of life in the family was fetching water from the pump down the street, some two hundred metres from our door. Since the pump was not unlocked until six in the morning and there was always crowding, a system had developed whereby you got out before dawn, placed your twenty-litre tin in line, and then went home, returning later to take your place. Often, of course, tins would be moved back in line and others moved ahead. This could be corrected if none of those in front were too big a challenge.
When taps were substituted for the pumps, the first one installed was nearly a kilometre away from our house and we had to make the treck with the water tins balanced on our heads -- and indignity because this was the way girls, not proud males, carried their burdens. All the children in the neibghbourhood knew we did women’s work and I can still hear their derisive laughter. We did our jobs doggedly, that notwithstanding, because our father and mother expected it of us. Out of choice our father did everything we did, including fetching water on the occasion, and commanded us by sheer force of his example.
16. By describing his father as an uncommon man, the writer means that he is
The word atmosphere, as used in the first paragraph ofthe passage, means
A Wolf, seeing a Lamb drinking from a river, wanted to find a pretext for devouring him. He stood higher up the stream and accused the lamb of muddying the water so that he could not drink. The lamb said that he drank only with tip of his tongue, and that in any case he was standing lower down the river, and could not possibly disturb the water higher up. When this excuse failed him, the wolf said: ‘Well, last year you insulted my father.’ ‘I wasn’t even born then,’ replied the lamb.
‘You are good at finding answers, ‘said the wolf, ‘but what do you mean by taking up so much of the path where I am walking? The lamb, frightened at the wolf’s angry tone and terrible aspect, told him, with all due submission, that he could not conceive how his walking on such a wide path could occasion him inconvenience. ‘What!’ exclaimed the wolf, seemingly in great anger and indignation. ‘You are as impudent as your father who seized me by the throat last year, and caused me to be kept in a cage for three months.’
‘If you will believe me,’ said the lamb, ‘my parents are poor simple creatures who live entirely by green stuff; we are none of us hunters of your species.’ ‘Ah! I see it’s no use talking to you, ‘said the wolf, drawing up close to him. ‘It runs in the blood of your family to hate us wolves, and therefore, as we have come so conveniently together, I’ll just pay off a few of your forefathers’ scores before we part. ‘So saying, he leapt at the lamb from behind and garroted him.
21. The charges levelled against the lamb are
pollution, insolence, obstruction and aggression.
exuberance, pollution, wickedness and stubbornness
garrulity, loquacity, pride and arrogance
greed, wandering, insolence and disrespect.
The expression when this excuse failed him suggests that the
lamb was prepared for the charges levelled against him
wolf was uncertain of the charges levelled against the lamb
wolf only made up the charges levelled against the lamb
lamb was more intelligent than the wolf.
The expression angry tone and terrible aspect refers to the wolf’s
towering size and thunderous voice
harsh voice and menacing posture
sonorous voice and overbearing attitude
loud voice and fretting movement.
LEXIS, STRUCTURE AND ORAL FORMS
In each of questions 26 and 27, choose the option that has the same vowel sound as the one represented by the letter(s) underlined.
In each of the questions 28 and 29, choose the appropriate stress pattern from the options. The syllables are written in capital letters.
In each of questions 30 to 54, choose the option that best completes the gap(s)
30. He isn’t coming home, is he? …....., he isn’t.
In each of questions 55 to 57, choose the option that has the same consonant sound as the one presented by the letter(s) underlined.
In each of questions 58 and 59, the word in capital letters has the emphatic stress. Choose the option to which the given sentence relates.
58. The student BOUGHT the book.
Who bought the book?
What did the student buy?
How will the student get the book?
Did the student steal the book?
In each of questions 60 to 64, select the option that best explains the information conveyed in the sentence. Each question carries 2 marks.
60. The investigators stated clearly that they had reached a dead end in their scrutiny of suspects in the murder case.
The end had come for the suspects in the murder case.
There was no further progress in the investigation of the murder suspects.
The investigators did not know what to do with suspects’ murder.
The investigators had evidence to sentence the suspects to death in the end.
In each of questions 65 and 66, choose the option that has a different stress pattern from the others.
choose the option that has a different stress pattern from the others.
In each of questions 67 and 68, choose the option that has a different vowel sound from the others.In each of questions 67 and 68, choose the option that has a different vowel sound from the others.
choose the option that has a different vowel sound from the others.
In each of questions 69 to 83, choose the option nearest in meaning to the word or phrase in italics.
69. The presence of the captain makes the sailors ill at ease.
In each of questions 84 and 85, choose the option that has the stress on the first syllable.
choose the option that has the stress on the first syllable.
In each of questions 86 to 100, choose the option opposite in meaning to the word or phrase in italics.
86. The noise of the fans unnerved the star player.